LABOR AND DELIVERY
Music Therapy in the labor and delivery area is formally known as Music Therapy-Assisted Childbirth (MTACB). Many benefits exist for this kind of intervention. Music Therapy encourages women to cope with labor and delivery without drugs, helping them to breathe properly, to focus their attention, and to enjoy the experience (Clark, McCorkle, & Williams 1981). In fact, the use of music may actually shorten labor for some women. At the least, mothers seem to face less anxiety and less pain during childbirth, relaxing more and concentrating better (Hanser, Larsen, & O'Connell 1983). May and Young (1995) reported a 50% reduction in the use of labor medications when MTACB was used. Women who choose to have an epidural can benefit from Music Therapy by relaxing during the actual procedure, then for each stage of labor that follows. Caesarean section births can be assisted by Music Therapy as well, where it provides distraction from surgical procedures and decreases anxiety and stress (Goroszeniuk & Morgan 1984).
To provide opportunities for expectant mothers to meet with the Music Therapist in order to listen to and choose music to be used during each stage of labor, to practice various relaxation techniques, and to establish a comfortable relationship.
To provide women already in the early stages of labor the opportunity to work with the Music Therapist in order to facilitate a natural or medicated birth, an epidural procedure, or a Caesarean section with or without an epidural.
Patient will develop new skills in autogenic relaxation techniques with music.
Patient will demonstrate ability to plan for personalized use of music or music with relaxation techniques to complement prepared childbirth methods.
Patient will demonstrate ability to relax during the early stages of labor in order to conserve strength and energy needed later.
Patient will demonstrate ability to pattern their breathing during mid-labor, according to previously learned LaMaze techniques.Patient will demonstrate stimulation and energy reflected in the high intensity music used during late labor.
Patient will demonstrate ability to cope with the difficulties and emotions of the transition stage of labor.
Patient will demonstrate energy and excitement of the delivery of the baby as it is facilitated by music.
Patient will be provided with a soothing and joyful atmosphere for the new family, together for the first time.
Patient who expresses an interest in music-assisted labor and delivery, either before the due date, or upon admission to the obstetrics unit.
Patient who is having difficulty with a natural or medicated (including epidural) vaginal birth or Caesarean birth.
Number in Group: Individual sessions.
Frequency: One or more sessions, beginning before, during or after labor and delivery.